Stability is critical
RE's use an enormous amount of resources and even provide an advantage to natural gas's market position
Clean energy needs robust energy systems, to avoid making the problem worse. ones that use the fewest resources possible and can compete with fossils.
Industrial civilization relies on high intensity stable power. burgeoning markets need power stability, a critical feature of energy-industrial systems.
Cost of Stability
Energy density is the amount of kWh that can be produced per square meter. Energy density determines the fully loaded cost of RE supply. The lower the energy density, the more transmission and copper per unit is needed. All modern markets, particularly urban, have exhibited transmission avoidance behaviors that lead to NG’s share dominance after 2000.
Capacity Factor is the critical variable in energy economics. It effects both the amortization rates and the interest rate. Operating at high capacity factors with variable resources requires new design and methodology. To date, GenH is the only company or group that has focused on the critical economic and share acquisition path - 90+% capacity factors.
The costs of not having stability as an RE are:
Increased kWh cost
Inducing in practice large-scale NG deployment
Higher cost of capital
In total, these costs are penetration killers. In order the correct these issues on average, Wind and Solar ICC would increase to $15,000/KW. Without the stability Adaptive Hydro and other GenH technologies can deliver without storage, RE is still at a massive disadvantage and is actively creating ever more advantage for fossil fuels. At 90+% capacity factor, most of RE’s economic issues go away, since amortization is maximized and the cost of capital borrowed halves from 10% to 5%, due to increased stability in the output.